Bihar is no less than a land of wonder. It is probably one of the most ancient states in the country and is known to have a majestic legacy. In this article, we are sharing 10 amazing facts about Bihar.
However, did you know that Bihar has a lot of factors that will make every Bihari proud? Today we will discuss the top 10 amazing facts about Bihar that you will also feel proud of after knowing. Unlike the popular Bollywood culture, which often shows behind in a very wrong light, there is a lot of prosperity in Bihar that we are unaware of. The region of Bihar is relatively prosperous and has been known to be a hub of excellence since ancient times. Some of the essential facts about Bihar are:
List of Top 10 Amazing Facts About Bihar
1. Bihar is the Birthplace of Buddhism and Jainism
Buddhism and Jainism are extremely popular in Asia, and many people have adopted the two religions and continue to practice them to date. But did you know that both of these religions belong to Bihar? The proponent of Buddhism, Gautam Buddha, attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, a trendy town in Bihar. Mahavira, the father of Jainism, is known to be born in Vaishali, a part of Bihar.
2. Bihar is Home to India’s Oldest University
Did you know that Bihar is often regarded as the hub for higher education because it houses the oldest University in India? It is home to Nalanda University and was established by the Gupta Empire. It is said that the university, in its time, attracted the most brilliant minds from different parts of the country who spent time reading manuscripts. Even scholars like Aryabhatta, Nagarjuna, and Hiuen Tsang, spent a considerable period at Nalanda University. Although it declined some days ago, there have been attempts to resurrect the university.
3. Bihar is a history lover of Delight.
There are no doubts about the fact that we have one of the most coveted places if you are someone who loves history and wants to study it. Many people have yet to learn this, but the ancient History of India is rooted in Bihar, with some of the most prosperous empires originating from here. Be it the ancient states of Bihar like Vaishali, Bodh Gaya, or Rajgir – all of these are known to have extravagant historical value. Not only that, but Bihar has also seen the rise of empires like Rajput, Gupta, and similar others.
4. Bihar is the Origin of Peace and Non-violence Philosophy
As mentioned, Bihar is often regarded with the rise of Buddhism and Jainism in India. Both religions’ primary essence is to propagate the ideals of peace and non-violence. This is one of the primary reasons we are regarded as the origin of peace and non-violence philosophy; however, today, the mainstream picture of Bihar is entirely different in front of the media. If you study more about the history of Bihar, you will be able to know how it is one of the most peaceful states in the country.
5. Guru Gobind Singh was a Bihari
Yes, you read it right! Many people do not know this, but Guru Gobind Singh, an eminent proponent in the field of Sikhism, was a Bihari. He was born in Patna on 22nd December and hence a Bihari by birth. Although he later moved to different parts of the country to propagate the ideal of Sikhism, he was a Bihari indeed. One of the surprising facts about Bihar is Guru Gobind Singh was born in Bihar.
6. Chhath Puja is the Greatest Nature-worshipping Festival
Yes, how can we talk about amazing facts about Bihar and not mention Chhath Puja? Chhath Puja is one of the biggest festivals not only in India but also in the world. It is one of the very few festivals which is devoted to nature. Did you know that the essence of Chhath Puja is that it is for the Sun God Surya and her sister Shasti Devi? The festival is followed so that you can seek their blessings, and it is known to bring a lot of prosperity and good luck.
7. The world’s first Republic was Established in Bihar.
Not only with the religious and spiritual significance, but Bihar is also known to be the spot that saw the development of the world’s first republic – Vaishali. Currently, it is the most coveted archaeological site in India. The name Vaishali is derived from the name of King Vishal, who finds special mention in the Mahabharata for his heroic deeds.
Not only that, but the significance of Vaishali is also very well-known in history because it was the birthplace of Mahavira, who was the leading proponent of Jainism. Vaishali has been carefully preserved because it has high historical value. One of the less-known facts about Bihar is that the world’s first republic was established in Bihar.
8. Mahatma Gandhi Began his Campaign in Bihar
Mahatma Gandhi is often regarded as the father of the nation, and there are a lot of instances when he chose Bihar as his campaign ground. It was in the year 1917 that he began his Champaran campaign at Champaran, which is a significant spot in Bihar. The campaign started in favour of the farmers who were for farming indigo. Since then, Champaran in Bihar has become a hub for indigenous activities and gained much impetus. One of the popular facts about Bihar is that Mahatma Gandhi Began his Campaign in Bihar.
9. India’s Highest Stupa is in Bihar
The Kesaria Stupa is also located in Bihar and is a testimony of great architecture. It is one of the oldest Buddhist architecture in India and is known for the relevance of the religion. The Stupa was built as a testimony of peace which is the central idea of Buddhism as a religion. The Stupa is located in Kesaria, in the East Champaran district of Bihar. It stands at a height of 103 feet and is hence a spectacle to witness. Till now, it has attracted a lot of tourists from all around the world.
10. Bihar has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
One of the most amazing facts about Bihar is that there are two UNESCO world heritage sites in Bihar. The first world heritage site is the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya. It is situated at the Bank of River Niranjana and is the most promising site for the growth of Buddhism as a religion. Nalanda University is The second site that has received the UNESCO World Heritage Site acclimation. This is the oldest University in India and the hub for various educational activities.
Unlike the popular misconception about Bihar that it is only riddled with controversy and politics, Bihar has much more to offer than you can think about. As we have already mentioned, these are the top 10 amazing facts about Bihar which will make every Bihari proud. This is probably one of the oldest states in India and deserves all the acclamations.