At the banks of the holy river Ganga, Patna is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar. The various blends of cultures have garnered many tourist places in Patna.
Patna, historically known as Pataliputra, is the largest city in Bihar. Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadh Empire through Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala dynasties. Patna is the 21st fastest growing city in the world and the 5th fastest growing city in India, according to a study by the City Mayors Foundation. In May 2014, a World Health Organization survey declared Patna the second most air polluted city in India after Delhi.
List of Top 5 Best Tourist Places in Patna
1. Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden (Patna Zoo)
Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden is known as Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan and Patna Zoo. Patna zoo name has been changed many times; the first name was Botanical Garden which got changed to Biological Park in 1972, and again in 1980 name get changed to Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park from Biological Park. The present area of the Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park is approximately 155 acres. Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park is one of the most visited tourist places in Patna. Patna zoo is most patna famous place.
The Patna zoo is currently home to over 800 animals of about 110 species, including tiger, leopard, hippopotamus, crocodile, elephant, Himalayan black bear, jackal, spotted deer, peafowl, gharial, python, Indian rhinoceros, chimpanzee, giraffe and zebra. There was a record more than 40,000 people visited in a single day during New Year’s Day celebration in 2011. The zoo is located at Bailey Road Patna, which is well connected with private and public transport. The zoo has an ample amount of parking space also.
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park is open six days a week. You can visit here any day in the week apart from Monday. Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park is best places to visit in patna with girlfriend.
Visit Timing – 1 March to 31 October – 5.00 am to 6.00 pm and 1 November to 28 February – 6.00 am to 5.00 pm.
2. Mahavir Mandir (Hanuman Mandir)
Mahavir Mandir, Patna, is one of the leading Hanuman temples in the country. Thousands of devotees worship Shri Hanumanji and visit the temple. It is a wishing temple, where every wish of the devotees is fulfilled, and this is the reason for the increasing number of devotees in the temple. Mahavir Mandir is one of the best tourist places in Patna for Hindu pilgrims. Every day thousands of Hindu pilgrims and tourists visit here. Long winding queues can be seen at the temple on Saturdays and Tuesdays, the traditional worshipping days of Lord Hanuman.
Mahavir Mandir is one of the oldest Mandir in Patna. No information is available on when it was built the first time; it was rebuilt in 1947 during the India and Pakistan partition. The temple was rebuilt again in 1987. The total height of Mahavir Mandir is 57 meters (188 ft), which is around ten story building. This is also one of the tallest temples in Patna.
Mahavir Mandir Patna is open for visiting every day from 5 am to 11 pm. On every Ram Navami, waiting queues grow up to some kilometres long.
3. Patna Museum
Patna Museum is one of the oldest state museums, started on 3 April 1917 during the British Raj, and is more than 105 years old. The museum concept arose in 1912 after Bihar and Bengal were separated. Patna Museum started functioning in 1915 from the commissioner’s bungalow on the campus of A. N. Sinha Institute. If you love to watch historical things, then the Patna museum is must visit tourist places in Patna.
Many people are confused about the Patna museum and Bihar Museum because both are located in Patna only. Patna museum and Bihar museum are both different, located in different places and have other historical importance. Items displayed in the multipurpose museum include archaeological objects, coins, art objects, paintings, instruments, textiles, paintings, thankas, bronze images and sculptures.
Patna museum is closed on Monday, and the rest of the day is open from 10:30 AM TO 4:30 PM. For entry to Patna Museum, visitors need to buy tickets. For students, entry is free. Indian people need to pay 20 rupees while Foreigners need to pay 250 rupees per person.
Golghar is one of Patna’s oldest historical tourist places, built on 20 July 1786. The beehive-shaped structure was designed by John Garstin of the Bengal Engineers, part of the East India Company’s Bengal Army. It is a dome-shaped structure reaching a height of 29 metres. The top of the Golghar can be outreached by taking the 145 steps spiral staircase.
Golghar was built by the East India Company so that they could store vast quantities of grains in the same place. They start making a series of Golghar, but only one Golghar is building in Patna. Golghar is one of the best places to visit in Patna, so the government has renovated and repaired the structure and started light shows to increase the number of tourists.
Golghar opens from 09:30 AM to 06:00 PM every day, and the best thing is that there is no entry, so that you can visit many also. This is located just 3 km from Patna junction and well connected with public transport. Yes, there are limited parking spaces, so there may be a problem with parking availability. Golghar is best places to visit in patna.
5. Takhat Sri Harimandir Ji (Patna Sahib)
Takht Sri Patna Sahib, also known as Takhat Sri Harimandir Ji, is a Gurdwara in the neighbourhood of Patna Sahib, India. It was to commemorate the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, on December 1666. It was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839), the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire. Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, was born in Patna, Bihar, on 22 December 1666.
Takhat Sri Harimandir Ji (Patna Sahib) is must visit tourist places in Patna for Sikh pilgrims. This place has a rich history; every year, lakh pilgrims come here from around the world.
This place is open all day during the week, and you can visit here any time. There is no ticket, and registration is required to see here.