There have been 14 vice presidents since the post’s inception in 1950. The first vice president of India, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and the newest 14th vice president of India, Jagdeep Dhankhar.
The Vice-President is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament, by the system of proportional representation using the single transferable vote, and the voting in such election is by secret ballot. The Electoral College to elect a person to the office of the Vice-President consists of all members of both Houses of Parliament.
The Vice President of India is the second-highest constitutional office in the country. According to the Indian Constitution (Article 66), a citizen of India above 35 years, qualified for election as a member of the Rajya Sabha, can be elected as the Vice President. A Vice President is elected for a term of five years. They can be re-elected after the first term expires.
Vice President of India List
1. Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (May 13, 1952, to May 12, 1962)
Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the first vice president of India and was also elected as the second vice president of India. Radhakrishnan was born in the Indian town of Tirupati (now Andhra Pradesh) on September 5, 1888. He was a well-known teacher and a recognized academic and politician in India.
He was from a low-income Brahmin household. Radhakrishnan was awarded several high awards, including a knighthood in 1931, the Bharat Ratna and the Order of Merit in 1963. Since 1962, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s Birthday has been celebrated in India as Teachers’ Day on September 5.
2. Dr Zakir Hussain (May 13, 1962, to May 12, 1967)
The second vice president of India, Zakir Husain Khan, was born in Hyderabad State in Central India on February 8 1897. He was an Indian economist and politician who served as the third President of India, from May 13 1967, until his death on May 3 1969. He was the first Muslim President of India, elected on May 13 1967, and the first Indian President to die in office on May 3 1969. He previously served as Governor of Bihar from 1957 to 1962.
3. Sh. V.V. Giri (May 13, 1967 to May 3, 1969)
Varahagiri Venkata Giri, known as V. V. Giri, was born in Berhampur, Madras Presidency (present-day Odisha), into a Telugu-speaking Niyogi Brahmin family. Giri completed his initial primary education at Hillpatna Primary School, Berhampur and higher education at Khallikote College. V. V. Giri married Saraswati Bai, and the couple had 14 children. V. V. Giri was 3rd vice president of India from May 13 1967, to May 3, 1969, and 4th president of India from August 24 1969 to August 24 1974. The Government of India also honoured him with Bharat Ratna in 1975.
4. Sh. Gopal Swarup Pathak August (31, 1969 to August 30, 1974)
Gopal Swarup Pathak was the fourth vice president of India from August 1969 to August 1974. He was Born on February 26 1896, in Bareilly, which is now a district of Uttar Pradesh, India. Gopal Swarup Pathak was the judge in Allahabad High Court 1945-46, member of Rajya Sabha 1960-66, Union Minister of Law 1966-67, Governor of Mysore state 1967-69. He died on October 4 1982. His son R. S. Pathak was Chief Justice of India and one of the four judges from India to have been on the International Court of Justice in The Hague.
5. Sh. B.D.Jatti (August 31, 1974, to August 30, 1979)
Basappa Danappa Jatti (B. D. Jatti) was the fifth vice president of India, serving from 1974 to 1979. Jatti was born in a Kannada-speaking Lingayat family at Savalgi in Jamkhandi Taluk of Bijapur district in present-day Karnataka on September 10 1912. Jatti subsequently was Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry from October 1968 to November 1972.
Basappa Danappa Jatti was acting President of India from February 11 to July 25 1977. B. D. Jatti became the Chief Minister of Mysore in 1958 and continued in that office until 1962. Jatti was appointed Governor of Orissa in November 1972.
6. Sh. M. Hidayatullah (August 31, 1979 to August 30, 1984)
Mohammad Hidayatullah was born on December 17 1905 and was elected as the eleventh Chief Justice of the country, which he served from February 25 1968, to December 16 1970. He was ranked as the youngest Advocate General of Madhya Pradesh state in India in 1943 and the youngest Chief Justice for the High Court of Madhya Pradesh in 1954. Hidayatullah served as the President of India for a short period, from July 20 to August 24. From August 20 1979, to August 20 1984, he did the country as the sixth Vice President of India.
7. Sh. R. Venkataraman (August 31, 1984 to July 24, 1987)
Ramaswamy Venkataraman was an Indian lawyer, freedom fighter and politician who served as a Union minister and as the 8th President of India. He studied law and practised in the Madras High Court and the Supreme Court of India. At a young age, he was an activist in the Indian independence movement and participated in the Quit India Movement. During his five-year term as President of India, he worked with four prime ministers and appointed three of them: V. P. Singh, Chandra Shekhar and P. V. Narasimha Rao.
8. Dr Shanker Dayal Sharma (September 3, 1987, to July 24, 1992)
Shankar Dayal Sharma became the eighth vice-president of India and ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha from September 3, 1987, till he assumed the office of the President in 1992. He was appointed the governor of Andhra Pradesh in 1984. He was also the Chief Minister (1952–1956) of Bhopal State and Cabinet Minister (1956–1967). Sharma served as vice-president until 1992 when he was elected President.
9. Sh. K.R. Narayanan (August 21, 1992 to July 24, 1997)
K. R. Narayanan is short name of Kocheril Raman Narayanan. K. R. Narayanan was born on February 4 1921, at Perumthanam, Uzhavoor, as the fourth of seven children of Kocheril Raman Vaidyar. Narayanan had his early schooling in Uzhavoor at the Government Lower Primary School, Kurichithanam. Narayanan obtained his B. A. (Honors) and M.A. in English literature from the University of Travancore. In 1944, Narayanan was awarded a Tata Scholarship of Rs. 16,000 by J. R. D. Tata to read politics, economics and journalism at the London School of Economics.
10. Sh. Krishan Kant (August 21, 1997, to July 27, 2002)
Krishan Kant was born on February 28 1927, in Kot Mohammad Khan, a village of Tarn Taran district in the Punjab Province of British India. He was active in politics and became Rajya Sabha twice from Haryana from 1966 to 1972 and 1972 to 1977. Later he became a member of Lok Sabha from Chandigarh from 1977 to 1980. Kant served as the governor of Andhra Pradesh from 1990 to 1997. In 1997 Krishan Kant became the 10th vice president of India until he died in 2002.
11. Sh. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat (August 19, 2002, to July 21, 2007)
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat was born in 1923 to a Rajput family in the village of Khachriyawas, then in Sikar district, Rajputana Agency, British India. In 1952 he was MLA from Ramgarh, in 1957 from Sri Madhopur, 1962 and 1967 he was MLA from Kisan Pol. He is the only Non-Congress politician to be the Chief Minister of Rajasthan 3 times. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat died of cancer on May 15 2010, at the Sawai Man Singh Hospital in Jaipur.
12. Sh. M. Hamid Ansari (August 11, 2007 to August 10, 2017)
Mohammad Hamid Ansari was born on April 1 1937, in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day Kolkata, in the state of West Bengal, India). Ansari did his early education at St. Edward’s School, Shimla. He pursued BA in Political science from St. Xavier’s College, Calcutta and MA from the Aligarh Muslim University. Ansari served as the Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations from 1993 to 1995. Mohammad Hamid Ansari is the only Vice-President of India after Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was elected for two terms.
13. Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu (August 11, 2017, to August 10, 2022)
Venkaiah Naidu was born on July 1 1949, at Chavatapalem village in the Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. In 1974, he became the convener of the anti-corruption Jayaprakash Narayan Chhatra Sangharsh Samiti of Andhra Pradesh. He was elected as an MLA to the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly twice from the Udaygiri constituency in Nellore district in 1978 and 1983. He became one of the most popular leaders of the BJP in Andhra Pradesh.
Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu is an Indian politician who served as the 13th vice president of India from August 11 2017, to August 11 2022. He has also served as the minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Urban Development and Information and Broadcasting in the Modi Cabinet. Jagdeep Dhankhar succeeded him on August 11 2022.
14. Jagdeep Dhankhar
Jagdeep Dhankhar is the current Vice President of India 2022. He takes oath as 14th Vice President of India today, August 11 2022. Dhankhar was born on May 18 1951, to Gokal Chand and Kesari Devi in Kitana, a small village in Jhunjhunu in the State of Rajasthan, in a Hindu Jat family. He completed his education at Sainik School, Chittorgarh, and then graduated with B.Sc and LLB from the University of Rajasthan, Jaipur. Since 1990, Dhankhar had been practising primarily in the Supreme Court of India.
Dhankhar appeared in the Sutlej River water dispute in 2016; he argued on behalf of the state of Haryana in the Supreme Court of India. After becoming the governor of West Bengal, Dhankar had frequent public confrontations with the state government and chief minister of the state, Mamata Banerjee, throughout his tenure. By taking oath on August 11 2022, Jagdeep Dhankhar is the new Vice president of India.